Hubble or Hoyle?

The debate is going on.

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There is a new theoretical approach proposing a compromise: the so-called theory of the (E) question (short: TEQ).

The progression is as follows:

- Mathematical premises (methods) studying the deformations and the decomposition of cross products; see the intrinsic and the extrinsic methods, their confrontation as well.

- Accepting for a while the existence of an initial light dispersing in vacuum (the Big-Bang approach), I look for the second order surface Lambda associated with it.

- In a third step, I remark the existence of circumstances which are compatible with coincidence between

(i) the Bowen solutions for the York Lichnerowicz equations associated with the initial data problem in Einstein’s theory of gravitation and

(ii) the decompositions proposed by the TEQ for deformed angular momentum.

This discovery suggests that we are living at the surface of some Lambda surface and that this surface is surrounding a Bowen-York-Lichnerowicz like black hole (BYLBH), alias a void.

- In a fourth step, I prove that that approach is compatible with the existence of a Hubble-like law; see my document on

- The fifth step proves that the Heisenberg uncertain principle is related to a depth of penetration of the Lambda surface into the future.


The different chapters promote a new cosmology that seems to be compatible with the existence of multiple voids in expansion as revealed by relatively recent simulations based on astronomical data.

The visible matter is a rare phenomenon which is obviously concentrated at the periphery of these voids.

This fact suggests a totally revolutionary hypothesis:

(i) the matter is emergent and the result of some interaction between the voids,

(ii) the mechanism of which remains to be unveiled and should probably be found in a theory of supra-conduction

Last edited: 26/11/2021